e-Negotiations (e-Auctions) in Healthcare
It is arguable that, on a global basis, healthcare uses e-Negotiations and e-Auctions (reverse auctions) more comprehensively than any other industry. There are valid reasons why this has come about: Healthcare items are highly specified (tick number one), it is a global market of competitive suppliers with room to move on margins (tick number two) and contract values are high (tick number three - bingo!).
A few other factors play a role too. The enormous volumes of consumables that require continuous replacement, the unending introduction of new technologies and spending consistently growing at twice the rate of GDP.
In Australia and New Zealand, QLD, NSW, VIC, SA and NZ Health Benefits have successfully run e-Negotiations or e-Auctions. In the UK, where e-Auctions are widely adopted, the National Health Service is a long term committed and active user of the technique.
Rasp has managed Reverse Auctions and e-Negotiations for QLD Health, NZ Health Benefits and 4 of the largest private healthcare providers in the UK. These include Nuffield Hospitals and General Healthcare (incorporates BMI Healthcare - 2400 beds).
The range of goods and services is surprisingly broad from the expected items such as syringes and gloves to the less obvious such as recuperation services and MRI scanners. As always, it simply comes down to the clarity of specifications and the level of competition.
Like any industry, Healthcare also has a significant indirect spend, Much of which is suitable for e-Negotiation including stationary, telecommunications services, recruitment services, IT etc.
The charts below are just a few examples of medical items that have been price negotiated through e-Negotiations on the ARCUS e-Auction platform.
In the actual e-Negotiation bid chart for surgical gloves shown above, substantial cost reductions were achieved. The brown line at the top represents the benchmark price ($524,000) against which the auction result is to be compared. The were five shortlisted suppliers invited to participate. A variety of tactics were used including a single pre-entered offer by red. Blue appears uncompetitive amongst this group of suppliers. Purple's best and final offer resulted in a 43% saving.
This bid chart for laryngeal masks shows a current price of £3.70. The 4 shortlisted suppliers had all submitted quotes as part of a standard tender process. Those submitted quotes became their pre-entered opening bids. Blue elected not to participate in the negotiation but their tendered quotation remained valid and was entered on their behalf.
This negotiation saw a considerable amount of competitive bidding by the 3 active suppliers. Scheduled as an 18 minute auction, numerous extensions were triggered as the lead changed hands 11 times during the extension period. This extended the auction to 30 minutes in total and resulted in a best and final offer of £2.00 (approx AUD 4.30, NZD 4.95 as of early 2008) or 46% less than the current price.